Composed

Performances by Gustav Mahler

Versions

Manuscripts

History Symphony No. 1, manuscript. [Symphonies, no. 1.] 2 bound vols. (76, 78 pp. / 148 pp.) Three folios (9 pp. of music) have been inserted into the second volume. Copyist's score in black ink. First, second, and fourth movements only. Many additions, corrections, and annotations by Mahler (and others?) in blue, red, green, and black pencil and brown and red ink. Added folios appear to be in Mahler's hand. Contents: Langsam. Schleppend. -Fröhlich bewegt -[missing] -Heftig bewegt. Movement 1: Langsam, schleppend; Immer sehr gemachlich.

History Symphony No. 1, manuscript. [Symphonies, no. 1.] 2 bound vols. (76, 78 pp. / 148 pp.) Three folios (9 pp. of music) have been inserted into the second volume. Copyist's score in black ink. First, second, and fourth movements only. Many additions, corrections, and annotations by Mahler (and others?) in blue, red, green, and black pencil and brown and red ink. Added folios appear to be in Mahler's hand. Contents: Langsam. Schleppend. -Fröhlich bewegt -[missing] -Heftig bewegt. Movement 2: Kraftig bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell.

History Symphony No. 1, manuscript.

History Symphony No. 1, manuscript.

History Symphony No. 1, manuscript. 

History Symphony No. 1, manuscript.

There are several manuscripts that document the revisions to which Mahler subjected the work:

  1. 00-00-1888 Leipzig: The original autograph score, in Mahler's handwriting (location unknown, may no longer exist).
  2. 00-00-1889 Budapest: The base layer in a copyist's handwriting is probably identical to the original autograph score. Over this, there are many revisions in Mahler's hand, and some whole sections deleted with new replacements added, in preparation for the 1889 Budapest premiere on 1889 Concert Budapest 20-11-1889 - Symphony No. 1 (Premiere). Bound into two volumes, vol. 1 containing the 1st movement and Scherzo, vol. 2 containing the last movement; the Blumine and funeral march movements are missing - in fact, conflicting numbering of the Scherzo, and the smaller size of the paper on which Blumine is written, seems to indicate that the Blumine was not originally part of Mahler's conception, and that it was lifted whole from the 1884 Der Trompeter von Säckingen score at some point between the symphony's completion in early 1888 and the Budapest premiere in late 1889. The entire symphony is scored for the standard symphonic orchestra of the time, with 2 each of all the woodwinds and 4 horns. In this version the piece was called "Symphonic-Poem in  two Parts". (University of Western Ontario, Rose collection). 
  3. 00-00-1893 Hamburg: The base layer in Mahler's hand corresponds to the final version of the Budapest manuscript, and probably was the manuscript sent by Mahler to Schott music publishers as a Stichvorlage (engraver's copy) in 1891 in hopes of publication, and for the first time given a title: 'Aus dem Leben eines Einsamen' ('From the Life of a Lonely-one'). Over this base layer, there are many revisions and new sections (including to Blumine) added in 1893, in preparation for the second performance, in Hamburg on 1893 Concert Hamburg 27-10-1893 - Symphony No. 1, Des Knaben Wunderhorn (Premieres). Contains all 5 movements; the funeral march was apparently lifted whole out of the 1889 manuscript. Orchestra has 3 each of the woodwinds. Just before the Hamburg performance, Mahler added the titles from Titan. (Yale University, Osborn collection).
  4. 00-00-1894 Hamburg: The base layer in a copyist's handwriting corresponds to the final version of the 1893 manuscript, with further revisions by Mahler. Probably prepared for the third performance, in Weimar on 3 June. 1894 Concert Weimar 03-06-1894 - Symphony No. 1. Pages containing the Blumine have been folded over, indicating deletion. Orchestra has 4 each of the woodwinds, and 3 additional horns. Still includes the titles from Titan. (New York Public Library, Bruno Walter Collection).
  5. 00-00-1896 Hamburg: The base layer in a copyist's handwriting, with revisions by Mahler. Probably prepared for 4th performance, in Berlin on 16 March. Contains 4 movements (Blumine not included). Known from this point on as 'Symphony No. 1'. (Sold at auction by Sotheby's in 1984, presently inaccessible). 1896 Concert Berlin 16-03-1896 - Symphony No. 1, Todtenfeier, Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (Premiere).
  6. 00-00-1898 Vienna: In a copyist's handwriting, based on the final version of the 1894? manuscript, this is the Stichvorlage [engraver's copy], used as a basis for the first score published by Weinberger music publishers in 00-02-1899. Probably prepared for the 5th performance, in Prague. 1898 Concert Prague 03-03-1898 - Symphony No. 1.
  7. 00-05-2002 Jerusalem: The original score of Symphony No. 1 was discovered in Jerusalem, among the personal effects of an old student of Viennese music: this score had annotations by Gustav Mahler himself.

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